Juster, F. R., Baum, R. C., Zou, C., Risucci, D., Ly, A., Reiter, H., … & Dore, K. L. (2019). Addressing the Diversity-Validity Dilemma Using Situational Judgment Tests. Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges.
Traditional cognitive assessments such as MCAT and GPA are known to restrict diversity as minority applicants tend to score lower than their majority counterparts. Noncognitive assessments have been shown to be less harmful to diversity as the subgroup differences tend to be smaller. Based on a sample of 9,096 applicants, the subgroup differences for CASPer were smaller than for GPA and MCAT.