Patterson, F., Knight, A., Dowell, J., Nicholson, S., Cousans, F., & Cleland, J. (2016). How effective are selection methods in medical education? A systematic review. Medical education, 50(1), 36-60.
The authors conducted an extensive literature review related to examine the effectiveness of various selection methods. Their results suggest that structured interviews/MMIs, SJTs, and Selection Centres are more effective and generally fairer than traditional interviews, references, and personal statements. The evidence is mixed regarding the effectiveness and fairness of aptitude tests, and more long-term validity evidence is required for personality assessments.